Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms

Your body requires very little vitamin b12 or cobalamin and most of us get sufficient quantities of it in our normal meals to satisfy our daily requirements. Although it's rare to see vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms it can still be useful to be able to recognise them just in case.

You're most vulnerable to vitamin b12 deficiency if you've vegan and don't use the available dietary supplements containing vitamin b12. Infants breast-feeding from vegan mothers can also be at risk. Vitamin b12 supplements are generally regarded as safe because there are few known adverse effects of overdose.

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The main symptom that arises from vitamin b12 deficiency is a type of anemia that causes you to feel tired, weak and lethargic. You might also feel nauseous, constipated and become very flatulent (gas). You may also lose your appetite and suffer weight loss.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms

More severe cases can give vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms, which include:

  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of memory
  • Dizziness
  • Lack of balance
  • Depression
  • Digestive problems
  • Dizziness
  • Liver enlargement
  • Eye problems
  • Headaches
  • Hallucinations
  • Inflamed tongue
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Loss of memory
  • Palpitations
  • Neurological damage
  • Tinitus or ringing in the ears

Vitamin b12 is commonly found in animal products like eggs, dairy, fish, meat and animal organs. B12 is rarely found in vegetables, which is why vegetarians and especially vegans who don't eat dairy products or meat, are especially at risk. If you fall into this category then you should consider using vitamin supplements containing b12.

It's also important to realise that the operation of vitamin b12 is dependent on sufficient quantities of other vitamins being present in your body so you should take care to get a balanced diet to avoid vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms.

Your body requires very little vitamin b12 or cobalamin and most of us get sufficient quantities of it in our normal meals to satisfy our daily requirements. Although it's rare to see vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms it can still be useful to be able to recognise them just in case.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms

Free up to date information on vitamin deficiencies and symptoms: Vitamin deficiency at

Fancy Rats - What Do Pet Rats Eat?

When it comes to their diet, rats are a lot like people: They'll eat almost anything. These omnivorous rodents can eat anything from grains, fruits, vegetables, meat, dairy products, and even chocolate. However, that doesn't mean you can feed your rats whatever you had for dinner and expect them to be healthy.

It's best to feed your rat a staple diet consisting of high quality lab blocks such as Harlan Teklad. Lab blocks are a nutritionally complete food for rats. However, rats also benefit greatly from the antioxidants and vitamins found fresh fruits and vegetables. Their diet should consist of 80% lab blocks and 20% fruits and vegetables.

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Unfortunately, most rat food sold at pet stores isn't very good. Pet store block food usually has too much protein and unhealthy fillers. As for store-bought seed mixes, they won't give your rats a balanced diet. Rats have a tendency to pick out their favorite bits and leave the rest, resulting in a lot of waste and an unbalanced diet.

Fancy Rats - What Do Pet Rats Eat?

Your best bet is to find places online to buy high quality lab blocks. Harlan Teklad 2014 lab blocks are best, and can be found at places such as or Another option would be the lab blocks made by Mazuri, which you can order straight from the company's site. For grown rats, the best Mazuri formula is Mazuri Rodent Breeder 6F.

In addition to lab blocks and fresh fruits and veggies, you can feed your rats the occasional treat. Rats love yogurt drops, cooked chicken, scrambled eggs, and hardboiled eggs. A chip of dark chocolate is also OK as a very rare treat; in fact, chocolate can temporarily relieve respiratory distress in rats, so it's good to have around as a first aid remedy. Just be sure to limit these treats. Like humans, rats don't benefit from a high fat, high sugar diet.

Improperly fed rats will often get fat, sickly, or suffer from skin problems. Feeding your rats a balanced diet will help them live longer, healthier lives.

Fancy Rats - What Do Pet Rats Eat?

For more information about caring for pet rats and giving them the best possible diet, visit

IVF Implantation Help With Food

In general, doctors agree that once you hit the implantation part of your IVF cycle, there isn't much that you can do to make things go your way. If your embryo is healthy and your womb is ready, you'll get pregnant, but if not, you won't. However, acupuncturists and other natural therapists seem to agree that certain foods actually can help with IVF implantation in different ways. There are different foods that are recommended for help with implantation, but walnuts, pineapples, and yams are some of the most common. While the scientific evidence behind these claims isn't too concrete, there is plenty of evidence from everyday people who have used these foods to increase their chances of getting pregnant through IVF.

Walnuts, Why Not?

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Most nuts have high levels of Omega 3 fatty acids, which are helpful in treating infertility in general. In fact, in ancient Greek mythology, the walnut was actually tied to fertility in many ways, and it was used in fertility rites. The healthy fats in walnuts help boost sex hormones, and they can also help regulate the menstrual cycle. Walnuts also have a ton of other vitamins and minerals in them, so they can help boost fertility and your chances of implantation.

IVF Implantation Help With Food

While we aren't exactly sure why walnuts help implantation rates, there is plenty of anecdotal evidence that they do. Some people think that it's the omega 3 fatty acids and the B vitamins in walnuts that help the egg implant itself in the womb.

Pineapple - A Controversial Helper

Many women and acupuncturists swear by pineapple's ability to help with implantation. For one thing, the bromelain in pineapple, which is a nutrient that it contains in higher concentration than pretty much every other food, is said to be an anti-inflammatory and also to increase cervical mucus. The increase in cervical mucus can make the uterus more "sticky," which can lead to increased rates of implantation. The most bromelain in the pineapple is found near the core, so many acupuncturists and natural therapists recommend eating the whole pineapple including the core.

One thing to note, though, is that there is also some evidence that pineapple juice in high quantities can cause cramps and can even cause spontaneous abortion. There's pretty much no danger of this if you eat just a cup of actual pineapple each day - which will be less concentrated than the juice squeezed out of the pulp. Just be sure that you keep things in balance and don't overdo it.

Yams for Fertility

Here's an interesting fertility fact: the Ibeji tribe in Nigeria eats yams pretty much every day, and they have the highest rate of fraternal twins in the world. Wild yams - not to be confused with North American sweet potatoes, which are sometimes called yams - have chemicals in them similar to estrogen and progesterone. They can help a woman produce more eggs during her cycle, which is one reason the Ibeji tribe has such a high incidence of twins, and they can also help with implantation by boosting a woman's levels of progesterone in her first trimester.

Eating a Balanced Diet

While all of these foods have been shown to help with implantation during IVF, the most important thing that you can do is to eat a healthy, balanced diet on a regular basis. Keeping your body healthy is essential to keeping your uterus and embryo healthy. Eat plenty of brightly-colored fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, and get your three servings of full-fat milk products a day. Plus, you should participate in healthy but low-impact exercises like yoga and qigong, both of which have been shown to boost IVF success rates.

IVF Implantation Help With Food

Diana Farrell is the author of the trademarked Full Embrace series of books on overcoming infertility. She holds a Masters Degree in Psychology through the University of San Francisco, as well as advanced training in a number of alternative therapies. Through her own journey overcoming infertility she uncovered a wealth of valuable information that can significantly increase a couple's chances of pregnancy through IVF. She now enjoys sharing that information with others to help them fufill their dream of parenthood. If you would like to know more ways to improve your chances of IVF implantation visit for further information about that as well as lots of other tips to help you have a successful IVF.

7 Essential Nutrients

There are 7 essential nutrients that sustain human life. Here is a list of those 7 nutrients and what roll they play in your body, and in your life. Here is how or where you can get these 7 essential nutrients.

1) Water - is the body most basic need. With out water you would die in just a few days. It is important not to ignore your thirst. You should never try to reduce your fluid intake, you should actually try to drink the recommended 8 glasses of 8 ounces of water everyday. It is even more important if you are trying to lose weight. Plus by drinking that much water, it is very good for your skin, and can make you look younger.

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2) Carbohydrates - provides fuel to meet energy needs. Complex carbohydrates, or starches, are found in many plant foods such as grains, potato's and rice. Carbohydrates should be 55 to 60 percent of your diet.

7 Essential Nutrients

3) Protein - made up of amino acids, is essential for the growth and maintenance of body tissue, blood cells, hormones and enzymes. The best source of protein is meat, poultry, fish, milk products, and eggs. Vegetables, grains, fruits, legumes, seeds and nuts contain lesser amounts. Ten to 15 percent of your daily calorie intake should be from protein.

4) Fiber - is indigestible carbohydrate and is very important for general health. There are two types insoluble and soluble. Insoluble fiber acids in the digestive process: it can help prevent hemorrhoids and may also protect against cancer of the lower bowl. Sources include brown rice, brain, whole grain cereals and broccoli. Soluble fiber is thought to help reduce cholesterol and thus reduce the risk of heart and arterial disease It is found in oats, peas, beans, root vegetables, and citrus fruits. Recommended intake of fiber is 20g to 35g per day from different sources.

5) Fat - is essential as an energy store, to insulate the body against rapid heat loss, help produce hormones, cushion vital organs suck as the liver and kidneys, and aid in the absorption of certain vitamins. Fat should represent no more than 30 percent of the diet, but many people eat more. There are two main types of fat: saturated (predominant fat in vegetable oils). Fried and sugary foods that are high in saturated fat should be avoided, as they offer little nutritional value. On the other hand, unsaturated fats, especially the monounsaturated fat in olive oil, may help protect against heart disease.

6) Vitamins - are organic compounds, essential for body growth, function, maintenance and repair. They are categorized into two groups, water soluble and fat soluble. Water soluble vitamins including the B complex group and vitamins C, need to be replenished daily because they are not stored in the bodies tissue. Fat soluble vitamins, including A, D, E, and K, are stored by the body for long-periods of time, and so excessive intake may be harmful, a balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and cereals should provide all the vitamins that the body needs.

7) Minerals - are essential inorganic compounds that aid energy production and body maintenance as well as assisting in the control of body reactions and reflexes. There are three groups; macro minerals, electrolytes (a subgroup of macromineral), and micro, or trace, elements. The macromineral, calcium magnesium, and required n larger amounts. The body needs trace minerals - chromium cooper, fluoride, iodine, iron magnesium and, molybdenum, selenium, sulfur, and zinc - in minuscule amounts. A diet that includes a wide range of animals and plant goods should provide all the minerals essential for health.

An essential nutrient is a nutrient required for normal body functioning that cannot be synthesized by the body and thus must be obtained from a dietary source. Some categories of essential nutrients include vitamins, dietary minerals, essential fatty acids, and essential amino acids.

7 Essential Nutrients

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Treatment of Scurvy

Scurvy (N.Lat scorbutus) is a deficiency disease, caused by lack of vitamin C, which is required for collagen (an element of normal tissues) synthesis in humans. The chemical name of vitamin C is ascorbic acid, which is derived from the Latin name of scurvy, scorbutus. Vitamin C is found mainly in fresh fruits and vegetables, particularly citrus fruits such as oranges, olives, lemon, sweet lemon. Reduction in intake of Vitamin C rich food products, leads to scurvy.

History of the disease:

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Scurvy historically affected mostly those nations, which were dependent more on military power. During military campaigns and long ocean voyages, food consumed by the ship crewmembers largely lacked in fresh fruits and vegetables, thus causing inadequacy of Vitamin C and leading to outbreak of scurvy epidemics.

Treatment of Scurvy

The first clue to the treatment of scurvy occurred during Jacques Cartier's arrival in Newfoundland in 1536, when he was advised by the native Indians to give his crewmembers, who were dying from this epidemic, a potion made from spruce tree needles. The foliage, rich in vitamin C, cured most members of Cartier's crew.

What are the symptoms of scurvy?

Symptoms of Scurvy include one or any of the following -

o Swollen, blackened and bleeding gums with loosened teeth.

o Soreness and stiffness of the joints and lower extremities

o Bleeding under the skin and in deep tissues

o Anaemia

o Wounds that don't heal, and scar tissue from old wounds dissolve causing reopening of wounds

o Tiredness and weakness, along with muscle cramps

o Appearance of tiny red blood-blisters to large purplish blemishes on the skin of the legs.

Who are more at risk of contracting Scurvy?

Scurvy is common in persons who follow a very restricted diet especially lacking in ascorbic acid, or who are under extreme physiological stress or are chronic alcoholics. Infants can also develop scurvy if they are devoid of mother's milk, and switched to top-up milk, without providing sufficient Vitamin C supplements. Babies of mothers who take extremely high doses of vitamin C during pregnancy may also develop infantile scurvy.

Treatment for Scurvy:

Increase in intake of fresh vegetables and fruits, especially citrus fruits are necessary to treat scurvy. Additionally, adults need to consume around 300-1,000 mg of ascorbic acid per day and 50mg/day in case of infants to effectively treat the disease.

Since the body does not produce vitamin C, it must be obtained from fruits and vegetables. Some excellent sources of vitamin C are oranges, olives, guava, green peppers, watermelon, papaya, strawberry, kiwi fruit, mango, honey, mango powder, broccoli, tomatoes, cauliflower, cabbage, and citrus juices or juices fortified with Vitamin C.

Amla or the Indian gooseberry is one of the richest sources of Vitamin C, whether fresh or the dried, powdered form.

Raw and cooked leafy greens (turnip, spinach), red and green peppers, fresh tomatoes, potatoes, pineapple are also rich sources of Vitamin C.

Vitamin C is sensitive to light, air, and heat, so it is best to eat fruits and vegetables raw, or minimally cooked in order to retain their full vitamin C content.

Treatment of Scurvy with vitamin C is usually successful, if the deficiency is recognized early enough. If left untreated, the condition can even cause death.

Preventive diet for Scurvy:

For Infants -

The most important factor in the prevention and treatment of scurvy is proper feeding of mother's milk, atleast for the initial six months. After birth, all children should preferable be breast-fed because it is pure and fresh and contains most of the nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the baby. If, for any reason, it is not possible to breast-feed the baby, then cow's milk or commercially available milk should be supplemented with vitamin C.

For Adults

A well balanced diet plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of scurvy in adults. The patient should take a well-balanced diet consisting of grains, seeds, nuts, fresh vegetables and fruit. This diet should always be supplemented with milk, eggs, fruits and honey.

Recommended Vitamin C intake:

Scurvy is rare in countries where intake of fresh fruits and vegetables is more. The Vitamin C present in them acts as important antioxidant, thus enhancing the development of connective tissues, lipid and vitamin metabolism, immune function and wound healing.

Currently, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin C is

o For adults: 50-60 mg/day;

o For infants: 35 mg/day;

o For pregnant women: 100 mg/day

o Lactating mothers: 150 mg/day

However, requirement for vitamin C increases when a person is under stress, smoking, or under some medication.

Although rare, but scurvy remains a malaise condition that is still prevalent in the pediatric population, especially among certain groups with unusual eating habits. A heightened awareness towards intake of Vitamin C rich foods is required to prevent a potentially fatal, but easily curable disease.
Thus, take the suggestion - "An orange a day keeps scurvy away."

Treatment of Scurvy

Read more on scurvy, treatment of scurvy and signs and symptoms . Also Visit for Information on Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids.

A Balanced Diet - The Key Nutritional Components

The importance of a balanced diet for a normal functioning human being cannot be underestimated. To be able to achieve that, our diet must constitute all the necessary nutritional components needed to make the above happen. These include water, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins.

Since the body is 70% water (in various forms), it is undoubtedly the most important nutrient that it needs. The various organs, tissues and cells in the body function to their optimum when the body is fully hydrated. Because the body loses water through perspiration and other activities, it's important to replenish water lost through dehydration by drinking lots of it. The recommended water intake is 8 glasses daily but the key is to drink as much as possible and not to be obsessed with the so called benchmark. Apart from drinking water in its natural form, it can be found in fruits such as watermelon and apples.

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Another nutritional component the body needs is proteins. They can be found in foods such as meat, eggs, fish, and beans. Proteins releases a chemical called amino acids which enables the body to build and repair tissues. Proteins also assists in the building of muscles hence making them strong and healthy. Adequate proteins in the body also ensure the production of Red Blood Cells and the proper growth of hair on the head and body.

A Balanced Diet - The Key Nutritional Components

Carbohydrates and Fat are also components of a well-balanced diet. They provide the body with energy for optimum functionality during daily activities. When there is too much carbohydrates in our daily food intake, the body stores the excess as fat which are then released during a period of hyper-activity. If there isn't enough activity such as exercises to "burn" or get rid of the excess fat, the result can be obesity and that can lead to other diseases and illness. It's therefore important to regulate our carbohydrate and fat intake and exercise regularly so that we maintain a lean and healthy body.

Other nutritional components that must be present in our diet are vitamins and minerals. They assist in maintaining the right balance of chemicals that the body needs to function properly. They can be obtained in foods such as fruits, vegetables, milk and greens. Minerals such as iron and thiamine assists in the proper digestion of foods for efficient body metabolism. Where there is insufficient supply of vitamins and minerals from natural foods, supplements are recommended to make up for the short falls. To ensure the intake of the right type and amounts, let your doctor recommend the appropriate ones.

Remember, the key is BALANCE, hence the term balanced diet. Too much or too little of each nutritional component will result in an unhealthy body and the consequences can be disastrous. The combination of a healthy diet plan and a good exercise regime is the right recipe for a healthy body and life.

A Balanced Diet - The Key Nutritional Components

Douglas Doe is an Internet enthusiast and writer on various subject matters. Access FREE resources on my Blog. For additional materials, check out Fact about the Human Body.